To keep up with the surging cost of living, consumers are spending more and saving less — and rising interest rates aren’t helping the matter.
Next week, the Federal Reserve likely will raise rates by another three-quarters of a percentage point, although some on Wall Street still think it could opt for a full percentage point increase.
Fed officials have already raised benchmark short-term borrowing rates 1.5 percentage point this year, including June’s 75 basis point increase, which was the largest increase in nearly three decades. A basis point equals 0.01%.
More from Personal Finance:
Airlines are struggling with lost and delayed bags
This withdrawal strategy can help retirees stretch savings
Before you ‘chase dividends,’ here’s what to know
What’s more, policymakers have indicated even more increases are coming until runaway inflation begins to show clear signs of a pullback.
“With the hot month-over-month and year-over-year numbers coming in as they have, this tells the Federal Reserve it has more work to do with higher interest rates to eventually achieve its mandate of stable prices, or lower inflation, in this case,” said Mark Hamrick, senior economic analyst at Bankrate.com.
Five ways the rate hike could affect you
Any action by the Fed to raise rates will correspond with a hike in the prime rate, sending financing costs higher for many types of consumer loans.
Short-term borrowing rates will be the first to jump. “Variable-rate debt tends to follow Fed moves within one to three statement cycles,” said Greg McBride, Bankrate’s chief financial analyst.
Here’s a breakdown of five things that rate increase could mean for you, in terms of how it may affect your credit card, car loan, mortgage, student debt and savings deposits.
1. Credit cards
Saravutvanset | Room | Getty Images
Since most credit cards have a variable rate, there’s a direct connection to the Fed’s benchmark. As the federal funds rate rises, the prime rate does as well, and credit card rates follow suit.
Annual percentage rates are currently at 17.13%, on average, but could be closer to 19% by the end of the year, which would be an all-time record, according to Ted Rossman, a senior industry analyst at CreditCards.com.
That means anyone who carries a balance on their credit card will soon have to shell out even more just to cover the interest charges:
- If the Fed announces a 75 basis point hike next week as expected, consumers with credit card debt will spend an additional $4.8 billion on interest this year alone, according to a new analysis by WalletHub. A 100 basis point increase will cost credit card users an extra $6.4 billion this year.
- Factoring in the rate hikes from March, May, June and July, credit card users will wind up paying around $12.9 billion to $14.5 billion more in 2022 than they would have if those increases had not occurred, WalletHub found.
2. Adjustable-rate mortgages
Adjustable-rate mortgages and home equity lines of credit are also pegged to the prime rate.
Because 15-year and 30-year mortgage rates are fixed and tied to Treasury yields and the economy, homeowners won’t be affected immediately by a rate hike. However, anyone shopping for a new house can expect to pay more for their next home loan — the same goes for those getting a loan to buy a car and student loan borrowers.
- Since the coming rate hike is largely baked into mortgage rates, homebuyers are going to pay roughly $29,160 to $39,240 more in interest now, assuming a 30-year fixed-rate on an average home loan of $405,200, according to WalletHub’s analysis.
3. Car loans
Maskot | Maskot | Getty Images
For those planning on purchasing a new car in the next few months, the Fed’s move could push up the average interest rate on a new car loan past 5%.
- Paying an annual percentage rate of 5% instead of 4% would cost consumers $1,324 more in interest over the course of a $40,000, 72-month car loan, according to data from Edmunds.
4. Student loans
The interest rate on federal student loans taken out for the 2022-2023 academic year already rose to 4.99%, up from 3.73% last year and 2.75% in 2020-2021. It won’t budge until next summer: Congress sets the rate for federal student loans each May for the upcoming academic year based on the 10-year Treasury rate. That new rate goes into effect in July.
Private student loans may have a fixed rate or a variable one tied to the Libor, prime or Treasury bill rates — and that means that, as the Fed raises rates, those borrowers will also pay more in interest. How much more, however, will vary with the benchmark.
5. Savings accounts
On the upside, the interest rates on savings accounts are on the rise after consecutive rate hikes.
People are going to need to use this cushion as prices continue to increase, according to Nela Richardson, chief economist at payroll processor ADP.
“Now is the time for households to prepare,” she said. “And maximizing that savings, if possible, is one of the best ways to do it.”
- Thanks, in part, to lower overhead expenses, top-yielding online savings account rates are now trending between 1.75% to 2%, which is much higher than the average rate from a traditional bank.
Still, any money earning less than the rate of inflation is losing purchasing power over time.
“Earning 2% doesn’t mean much when inflation is at 9%,” McBride said.
Subscribe to CNBC on YouTube.